In 2022, software developers in India contributed to over 24% of AI related projects in GitHub, the most in the world, according to Stanford’s latest Artificial Intelligence Index Report. However, China dominates AI-related journal publications by a huge margin. Also, in terms of journal collaborations in AI, the U.S. and China are leading other country pairs decisively.
The chart depicts the global count of AI publications. Between 2010 and 2021, AI publications increased significantly, rising from 2 lakh in 2010 to nearly 5 lakh by 2021.
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Types of publications
The chart illustrates the categories of AI publications worldwide over the years. In 2021, journal articles constituted 60% of all AI publications, followed by conference papers and repository submissions. The remaining was a mix of books, book chapters, theses, and unidentified document types.
International partnerships among scholars, industry specialists, and others play a vital role in advancing STEM fields. They foster quick sharing of new concepts and team expansion. The chart shows major international AI partnerships from 2010 to 2021, excluding the U.S.-China partnership.
Over the last 12 years, the predominant collaborations have been between the United States and China, witnessing an approximately fourfold increase since 2010.
CSET* tallied collaborations across countries by identifying unique pairs of nations among authors for each paper. For instance, a publication with four authors from the U.S. and four from China is recorded as a single U.S.-China collaboration.